database

MongoDB VS MySQL Comparison: Which Database is Better?

In today’s world, we have confusion in every small to large work, no matter it is the confusion of choosing the right mobile phone for yourself, confusion of choosing the right application, or choosing the best database for your modern application development. Although in cases such as choosing the right smartphone or app, we have several guides with the help of which we can make the right decision. But what in the case of choosing the best database from two of the most famous application development databases? We are talking about MongoDB and MySQL, in case you are also in application development and want to choose the best database for creating the best possible application, then this article is everything you need to know about.

In this article, we are going to thoroughly check and compare MongoDB and MySQL, with the help of which we would be able to know about the better database from both of these options. If you also want to know the same, then do follow this article till the end.

All about MongoDB

MongoDB is a database program with the help of which we would be able to create cross-platform mobile applications. It is a type of NoSQL database and was introduced in the mid of the year 2000 by its founders Eliot Horowitz, Kevin P.Ryan, Dwight Merriman.

This was all about a short intro about MongoDB, let us have a look at some features of this database

  • Ad-hoc queries is the first feature of MongoDB, and with the help of this feature, we would be able to know about the queries that we can use during the creation of our mobile application. In some cases, we sometimes forget to add some special queries with which we can make our app even better, so with the help of the ad-hoc queries feature, we would be able to get an enhanced outcome.
  • We would be able to take advantage of the schema-less database feature with the help of which we can create as many fields as we want. With which we would be able to add content in various fields of different sizes. This feature offers it’s users highly flexible processing and creation of a database.
  • MongoDB is a document-oriented database with the help of which you would be able to take advantage of tables and rows and hence let you do an enhanced arrangement of your data.
  • It offers a super-fast indexing feature with the help of which we can make searches of queries faster than ever. In the case of other platforms, you will notice a considerable delay in the queries search results, but when you are working with MongoDB, you will never notice any such issue.
  • In case the primary node is down, then with the help of the replication feature, we would be able to continue our work with the secondary node created by replication. With this feature, you will notice an overall smooth working of this database.
  • When we need to store some files greater than 16 MB in MongoDB, we would be offered a feature called GridFS. With the use of this feature that 16 MB data will be converted into some small portions and will be stored, once the more extensive data is stored into smaller parts, then accessing large data will become easier than ever.
  • It is an open-source platform, which states that MongoDB offers excellent accessibility and higher performance.

All about MySQL

MySQL is one of the most significant open-source databases with the help of which we would be able to create several web-based applications. The creator of MySQL are David Axmark, Allan Larsson, and Micheal Widenius, they created MySQL is 1995.

There are several features of this database system, let us have a look at some of those features-

  • MySQL is a free and open-source database system with the help of which we would be able to create several web applications and tools. As it is an open-source platform, then the users would be able to get excellent support with the help of which we would be able to get rid of any problem regarding working with MySQL.
  • It is such an easy to use database system with the help of which you can get starting with this platform by just having some basic knowledge also. Moreover, you would be able to work, build, and interact with MySQL by using small and straightforward queries also.
  • With MySQL, you would be able to get a solid security layer with the help of which no one would be able to have a look at our personal content and details without our permission. Moreover, all our passwords would also be encrypted.
  • It offers and client/server architecture with the help of which, if we make any changes, then those changes will be implemented over the product easily within no time.
  • MySQL is free to use a database platform, which you can use for free, and it can be easily downloaded from anywhere online.
  • You would be able to use MySQL on almost every operating system because it supports and is compatible with several operating systems. With the help of this feature, you would not have to install a new or particular operating system while using MySQL.
  • MySQL offers a roll-back feature with the help of which you would be able to get recovery support with which if the system faces any crash report, then the system can recover it’s data easily.
  • A lot of people discuss higher flexibility of MySQL, but the real reason behind its flexibility is the number of embedded applications. MySQL offers support of several applications with the help of which we can do numerous works.
  • In the case of higher productivity, you would be able to use several triggers, procedures, and various other such things with the help of which you can take advantage of higher productivity.

This was all about both the database platforms MySQL and MongoDB.

MongoDB VS MySQL Comparison

As we have discussed both the database platforms in-depth, now it’s time for the MongoDB VS MySQL round. In this part of our article, we have going to do a comparison with the help of which it will get easier to know which database is better and why.

1. Community Support

MongoDB- In the case of community support, MongoDB uses a neat and clean customer support design with the help of which the users can get the best possible results within a short interval of time.

MySQL- MySQL is developed by Oracle Corporation, and as we all know that it is available for a long time, which is the reason that its community is super strong.

2. Flexibility

MongoDB- With this database system, you will be offered fascinating schema flexibility. Moreover, there is just one lack, and that is of joins and transactions, other than that everything is great.

MySQL- In the case of MySQL, unfortunately, the user would not be able to get much schema flexibility. This is because if you want to store something, then firstly, you would have to properly define tables and columns, which does not make the database highly flexible.

3. Query Language

MongoDB- Under this database, you would be able to execute queries using JSON, and hence it supports queries natively.

MySQL- In the case of MongoDB, it uses un-structured query language, but with MySQL, you would be able to use structured query language.

4. Relationships

MongoDB- In the case of MongoDB, we would be able to work on the combination of data in a single query from several queries is easily possible. Moreover, in this way, you would not have to code more.

MySQL- With MySQL, you would be able to link two or more tables in a single query, and hence you would be able to use those queries with the help of single SELECT commands.

5. Integrity

MongoDB- MongoDB supports the BASE integrity model, with the help of which you would be able to execute transactions, but you need to use complex implementations for that.

MySQL- This database system uses ACID integrity model, and is mainly created to be used with applications that cannot afford data loss.

6. Text search

MongoDB- Now, with the help of latest updates, we can do the full-text search, while before it was not available. You would also be able to take advantage of the boolean search.

MySQL- This database system provides it’s users complete support of full-text searching.

7. Sharding

MongoDB- In the case of this database, you would be able to break various collections into subsets of data, which you would be able to store in multiple shards.

MySQL- In the case of My SQL, you would be able to use the replication feature with the help of which duplicate files would be created easily.

8. Performance

MongoDB- This is one of the best database systems with the help of which we would be able to handle large data files easily and in a faster way.

MySQL- If we compare MySQL with MongoDB, then we can notice that it is slower than MongoDB, because of which we would not be able to deal with large database files in MySQL.

Which database is better & why?

Both databases are explicitly created for various reasons. Let us have a look at for what reasons both of these databases MongoDB and MySQL are created.

Here is the list of reasons when to use MongoDB

  • If you want fast and instant data recovery features, then MongoDB is best for you.
  • In case of reducing the schema migration, then you can use MongoDB.
  • If you do not have a database administrator, then also MongoDB would be the ideal option for you.
  • If you are having almost every service of your cloud-based, then also MongoDB would be the most suitable option for you.

Here is the list of reasons when you should use MySQL

  • If you are working on a project, which would not use many extensive features and is not going to extend it much, then MySQL is the best option to get started with the project.
  • In the case of a fixed schema, you can use MySQL.
  • If you want to get high performance, then with the help of MySQL, you would be able to get that.
  • MySQL offers better data security features, so if security is one of the most critical factors for you, then you should go for MySQL.

These were some of the specific reasons for which you should use one of the above-listed databases. But what if we need to find which is better in between MongoDB and MySQL?

So, in that case, MongoDB would be a better choice instead of MySQL;

there are several reasons behind this answer. Those reasons are as follows-

  • MongoDB is faster than MySQL, and we would be able to handle lengthy data with it easily. While on the other hand, we would not be able to handle work in a faster way with MySQL. Moreover, MongoDB is easier to use also.
  • We can access data of any structure and hence, can be stored and accessed easily within no time. While on the other hand, with MySQL, you would have to get in the chaos of tables and rows.
  • In the case of MongoDB, we would not have to define schema first, while, on the other hand, with MySQL, we would have to define such things before working.
  • The only difficulty that you will ever face with MongoDB is when you are going to set up it for the first time. That’s it, after that you will never face any type of issue with this database system. Moreover, you would have to make some changes in the default setting.

These were the reasons, which ultimately states that MongoDB is a better database system than MySQL.

Summary

Here we have come to the end of this article in which we have had a look at two different database systems, which are MySQL and MongoDB. We have had a thorough look at both of these database systems and concluded that MongoDB is better than MySQL, and if anyone from you is stuck between these two options, then they should go for MongoDB only as it is more flexible and efficient to work with.

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